Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy

Smoking Facts

A 20-a-day smoker breathes in up to a full cup (210 g) of tar in a year.

Approximately 30 per cent of women who smoke continue to smoke during pregnancy

If you're a smoker, then its not only your own health at risk. If you're planning a pregnancy, or already expecting, giving up smoking is one of the most important things you can do. It's a big step, but with a little help from NicoBloc, you could be giving up - for good.

Smoking can affect your unborn child
Cigarettes affect the mothers' circulation, which in turn will affect the baby. The baby in the womb is totally relying on mother to supply oxygen, nourish and filter out any dangerous chemicals.

The placenta (afterbirth) is the lifeline between mother and baby.
When a pregnant woman smokes, oxygen in her blood is replaced by carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas, which robs muscles, brain and body tissues of oxygen making the baby's heart work harder. If the baby is deprived of oxygen it will suffer from its effects, which is known as hypoxia. The affect of hypoxia happens over a long period of time. The most immediate affect for the baby is his/her movements inside the womb slow down and heart rate speeds up as the baby tries to get more oxygen. There is a reduction in baby movements for up to thirty minutes after the mother has smoked a single cigarette.

The placenta supplies the baby with nutrients;
Smoking increases the chance that the baby will be born smaller than expected. (Low Birth Weight Baby). Research suggests that some women see a low birth weight baby as an advantage, however there is so much evidence to the contrary. If the baby is smaller at birth it will continue to be smaller throughout its subsequent development. Low birth weight babies are more likely to need intensive care.

The placenta acts as a barrier/filter for certain substances
Unfortunately it cannot keep all of them away and many get through. Nicotine, carbon monoxide, and other chemicals in tobacco smoke are passed on to the baby. There are 4000 chemical in cigarettes of which there are more than 30 known carcinogens. A German study showed traces of NNK, (nicotine-derived nitrosaminoketone) which is one of the strongest cancer causing agents found in tobacco products. It was detected in 22 of 31 newborns of mothers who smoked during pregnancy.