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Effects of Nicotine

Smoking Facts

Smoking impairs formation of new bone, and women who smoke are at high risk for loss of bone density and osteoporosis

Nicotine travels through the bloodstream to the brain, and then is delivered to the rest of the body.

80 % of nicotine is broken down to cotinine by enzymes in the liver.

Nicotine alters a smoker's blood pressure, heart rate,

There is, evidence that nicotine impairs foetal growth

Nicotine from cigarettes or replacement therapy has potential adverse effects on human health.

Pregnant women who smoke are often highly motivated to stop,

There are increased risks in pregnancy when the mother smokes.

Furthermore, the more cigarettes a woman smokes during pregnancy,

Maternal smoking is associated with a higher risk of children' s cancers.

Maternal smoking in pregnancy has been associated with behaviour and attention deficit disorders.

Smoking in pregnancy may also have implications for the long-term physical growth and intellectual development of the child.

On average, smokers have more complications of pregnancy and labour,

Women are more likely to experience vomiting,